Situations like chronic kidney failure, also known as Kidney or Renal Failure requires the patient to undergo Dialysis or Kidney Transplant Surgery.
Choosing Between Dialysis or Kidney Transplant
When the pair of kidneys stop working effectively, waste products and other fluidal plaque start building up in the blood. In such cases, dialysis is the treatment to be done before kidneys move forward towards the point where severe complications may occur. Dialysis is a procedure which uses a mixture of pure water and other chemicals to eliminate wastes, salt or extra water from the blood without removing other essential substances. This procedure controls blood pressure by balancing the body’s electrolytes such as sodium, potassium and bicarbonate in the blood.
If the kidney disease is in the advanced stage, then the specialist may recommend going for dialysis, while the patient is still in good condition and may only show up with mild symptoms of kidney failure. Such symptoms are nausea, vomiting, difficulty concentrating, etc.
Kidney transplantation is recommended in case of severe kidney failure to offer better quality of life in people as compared to the ones treated with dialysis. A kidney can be transplanted from a relative, unrelated person such as a spouse or a friend, or from the deceased ones. However, organs transplanted from the living ones work better rather than from the deceased ones. The donor has to undergo several tests before getting ready for transplantation to ensure that he should be healthy, fit and active.
What are the causes of End-stage Kidney disease?
Some of the common causes are:
- High Blood Pressure (Hypertension): The increase in blood pressure directly affects the kidneys leading to chronic damage.
- Glomerulonephritis: Inflamed blood vessels and nephrons results in slow damage and scarring. It mostly happens in patients with autoimmune diseases like lupus and ANCA vasculitis in which the immune system considers the kidney as a foreign body and attacks it.
- Renal Artery Stenosis: It means clogged arteries that bring blood to the kidneys over time.
- Polycystic Kidney Disease: When the large cysts or hollow spaces occur within the kidneys making them dysfunctional.
- Diabetes: Diabetes is a slow death which contributes to kidney failure in people across different parts of the world. High blood sugar for long slowly damages the filters in the kidneys. It results in chronic kidney disease, called diabetic nephropathy that progresses over time leading to end-stage kidney failure.
- Congenital Problems: The birth defects present since birth and before one gets to know about it, the kidneys already lose over 90% of their functional ability.
What are the advantages of kidney transplantation?
Kidney transplantation is performed when the patient is at end-stage kidney disease. It improves the quality of life and reduces the chances of dying. It also frees patients from regular dialysis treatment. Also, if you plan for transplantation in India, then it is the better medical destination as the kidney transplant cost in India is comparatively low and between USD 10,000 to USD 14,000. The pricing includes a total stay in India, medical tests, accommodation, etc.
Choosing the right doctor who has performed the maximum number of successful transplantations increases the chances of leading a healthy life. The patient has to intake the prescribed immunosuppressants and take proper follow-up care to avoid organ rejection.